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Posted on in University News
The prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, and risky behavior are high among Mexico City’s male sex workers, a new study reports. Among the findings is that sex workers can make 34.5 percent more money for forgoing condoms. The researchers hope to counteract that incentive with one of their own. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — A new study documents the stark health dangers of the male sex trade in the streets, hotels, and discotheques of Mexico City. Lead author and health economist Omar Galárraga’s point in making the grim assessment of the legal but perilous market is to find...
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Posted on in Research News
[image-50]NASA has opened team registration for the 2015 NASA Human Exploration Rover Challenge. Organized by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, the event will be held April 16-18, 2015, at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center, also in Huntsville. The challenge engages high school, college and university students in hands-on, experiential learning activities, while also testing potential technologies needed for future deep space exploration. Both U.S. and international teams may register to participate. For U.S. teams, registration closes Feb. 6, 2015. Registration for international teams closes Jan. 9, 2015. Student teams participating in the Rover Challenge must design, engineer and...
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Posted on in Research News
NASA's industry partners continue to complete development milestones under agreements with the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. The work performed by Blue Origin, Boeing, Sierra Nevada Corporation and SpaceX during partnership and contract initiatives are leading a new generation of safe, reliable and cost-effective crew space transportation systems to low-Earth orbit destinations. Blue Origin conducted an interim design review of the subsystems in development for its Space Vehicle spacecraft designed to carry people into low-Earth orbit. The September review was performed under an unfunded Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) agreement with NASA. In October, NASA and Blue Origin agreed to add...
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Posted on in Research News
NASA has awarded the NASA Balloon Operations Contract to Orbital Sciences Corporation of Greenbelt, Maryland for engineering and operations services to support the NASA Balloon Program. This contract is a cost-plus-fixed-fee core contract with a cost-plus-fixed-fee indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity portion. The basic core contract value is $64,885,402 million and the basic period of performance will begin on Feb, 1, 2015 and extend thru Sept 30, 2016. The value of Option I is $75,917,649 million with a two-year period of performance and the value of Option II is $45,490,020 million with a 16-month period of performance. If all Options are used, the...
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Posted on in Research News
Secondary progressive MS therapy MIS416 dosing trial underway(13/11/14) New Zealand and Australia-based Innate Immunotherapeutics Limited, a medical biotechnology company with offices in Sydney and Auckland, has issued an update regarding its Phase 2B trial for secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and other recent activities.The Phase 2B MIS416 trial Patient dosing with MIS416 is now underway at the West Australian Neuroscience Institute (WANRI) in Perth and at Nucleus Network’s AMREP Centre for Clinical Studies in Melbourne. Each site has dosed their first two patients with several more patients due to commence treatment this month. A Brisbane site, the Wesley-St. Andrew’s Research...
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Posted on in Research News
Yoga for multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis(13/11/14) AbstractWhile yoga seems to be effective in a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, the evidence of efficacy in multiple sclerosis remains unclear. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the available data on efficacy and safety of yoga in patients with multiple sclerosis.Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, CAM-Quest, CAMbase, and IndMED were searched through March 2014.Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga for patients with multiple sclerosis were included if they assessed health-related quality of life, fatigue, and/or mobility. Mood, cognitive function, and safety...
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Posted on in University News
On Nov. 8, 2014, biologist Jeremy Rich cruised in the submersible Alvin through a “dream-like aquarium” of exotic life and lava formations on the Pacific sea floor. Rich and 54 colleagues are aboard a research vessel west of Costa Rica, studying the ecosystems of hydrothermal vents. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — The research vessel Atlantis sailed due south for two days to reach the spot where lines drawn south from Denver and west from Costa Rica would cross. The 260-foot ship stopped at that point on a sunny Nov. 5 morning. The next day, amid squalls of rain, the ship...
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Posted on in University News
Brown geoscientist Peter Schultz, a veteran of three NASA missions to comets and asteroids, talks about the European Space Agency’s mission to land on a comet and what the scientific community hopes to learn about these orbiting bodies. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — On Wednesday, Nov. 12, 2014, the European Space Agency landed a spacecraft on the surface of a comet for the first time. Scientists hope data returned from the Rosetta spacecraft’s Philae Lander might not only offer a new perspective on the nature of comets, but also shed light the evolution of the solar system. Brown geoscientist Peter...
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Posted on in University News
BrownConnect, launched today, is an initiative that will provide Brown students with streamlined access to summer internships, research, and funding — and a suite of digital information services to review opportunities and engage with a global network of Brown alumni, parents, and supporters. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — Brown University announced today the official launch of BrownConnect, an initiative aimed at providing Brown first-year students, sophomores, and juniors increased support for summer internships, research, and funding. The program takes advantage of digital technology to engage Brown alumni, families, and others to provide internships, research opportunities, and other resources, and to...
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Posted on in Research News
[image-50] NASA’s new Orion spacecraft now is at its launch pad after completing its penultimate journey in the early hours Wednesday. It arrived at Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida at 3:07 a.m. EST, where the spacecraft then was lifted onto a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket in preparation for its first trip to space. Orion will travel almost 60,000 miles into space Thursday, Dec. 4 during an uncrewed flight designed to test many of the spacecraft’s systems before it begins carrying astronauts on missions to deep space destinations. The spacecraft, which includes...
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Posted on in Research News
NASA Statement on Successful Rosetta Comet Landing | NASA LOADING... NASA Statement on Successful Rosetta Comet Landing The following statement is from John Grunsfeld, astronaut and associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington, about the successful comet landing by the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft:“We congratulate ESA on their successful landing on a comet today. This achievement represents a breakthrough moment in the exploration of our solar system and a milestone for international cooperation. We are proud to be a part of this historic day and look forward to receiving valuable data from the three NASA instruments on board...
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Posted on in Research News
Inability to recognize and convey emotion a symptom of MS(12/11/14) What may be overlooked in relating to and caring for patients with multiple sclerosis is the fact that the neurodegenerative disease sometimes affects a person’s ability to properly convey and perceive emotion. According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS), while there is not enough conclusive evidence to suggest the disease directly affects emotion, it is important to consider that MS patients may either be struggling to cope with the disease, or are physiologically affected by it, making perception and expression beyond their control.Aside from the loss of the ability...
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Posted on in Research News
Study unexpectedly blocks multiple sclerosis relapses in mice(12/11/14) In multiple sclerosis, the immune system goes rogue, improperly attacking the body's own central nervous system. Mobility problems and cognitive impairments may arise as the nerve cells become damaged.In a new study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and co-investigators have identified a key protein that is able to reduce the severity of a disease equivalent to MS in mice. This molecule, Del-1, is the same regulatory protein that has been found to prevent inflammation and bone loss in a mouse model of gum disease."We see that two completely different disease entities...
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Posted on in University News
New York-based artist and 2001 Brown graduate Orly Genger and her team have been hard at work on the Front Green installing YOU, her latest site-specific sculpture. Made of woven recycled lobster rope, the U-shaped work should be complete on Nov. 12; it will reside on the Front Green until summer. An opening reception and discussion with Genger will take place Friday, Nov 21, 2014, at 5:30 p.m. in List Art Center. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — A glance at the Front Green last week would have revealed a curious site. Scattered on the grass were more than 50 wooden...
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Posted on in Research News
Obesity a factor in auto- immune diseases(11/11/14) Autoimmune diseases like Crohn’s Disease and multiple sclerosis, in which the immune system attacks its own body rather than predatory invaders, affect 5-20% of the global community. A study published recently in Autoimmunity Reviews by Prof. Yehuda Shoenfeld, the Laura Schwarz-Kipp Chair for Research of Autoimmune Diseases at Tel Aviv University’s Sackler Faculty of Medicine and Head of Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune Diseases at Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, points to the major role obesity plays in triggering and prolonging these autoimmune diseases.According to the research, obesity leads to a breakdown of...
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Posted on in Research News
Anti-NMDA may explain some MS mental deficits(11/11/14) Prematurely severe cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis patients could be an effect of autoantibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex, with natalizumab (Tysabri) withdrawal a potential contributor, a case report from Germany suggested.In an MS patient who had to be confined to a nursing home at age 39 because of cognitive deficits amounting to dementia, immunoglobulin G-type antibodies to the NMDA receptor's NR1 subunit were found in cerebrospinal fluid samples, according to Klemens Ruprecht, MD, of Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, and colleagues.These autoantibodies are "the characteristic laboratory finding of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis," they wrote online...
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Posted on in Research News
Deal Part of Agency Effort to Reduce Costs, Surplus Property In an effort to reduce costs and shed surplus property, NASA today signed a lease with Planetary Ventures, LLC to manage Moffett Federal Airfield (MFA), an agency facility located in Moffett Field, California, and rehabilitate its historic Hangar One. NASA estimates the lease will save the agency approximately $6.3 million annually in maintenance and operation costs and provide $1.16 billion in rent over the initial 60-year lease term. MFA, currently maintained by NASA’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California, includes approximately 1,000 acres of land located on South San Francisco...
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Posted on in Research News
NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia Patricia Haslach, and U.S. Ambassador to the African Union (AU) Reuben Brigety, met this week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to discuss resources available to help mitigate the impacts in Africa of global climate change. On Monday, Bolden delivered high-resolution topographical data for the African continent to the technical committee of the Governing Council of the Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), which hosts the SERVIR Eastern and Southern Africa Hub. SERVIR is a joint venture between NASA and the U.S. Agency for International Development that provides satellite-based Earth observation data...
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Posted on in Research News
[image-50] Three International Space Station (ISS) crew members returned to Earth Sunday after a 165-day mission that included hundreds of scientific experiments and several spacewalks. Expedition 41 Commander Max Suraev of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) and Flight Engineers Reid Wiseman of NASA and Alexander Gerst of the European Space Agency touched down northeast of the remote town of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan at 10:58 p.m. EST (9:58 a.m., Nov. 10, Kazakh time). While in space, they traveled more than 70 million miles. During their time aboard the station, the crew participated in research focusing on Earth remote sensing, advanced manufacturing,...
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Posted on in Research News
This artist's concept of the Rosetta mission's Philae lander on the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, is from an animation showing the upcoming deployment of Philae and its subsequent science operations on the surface of the comet.
NASA Television to Provide Coverage of European Mission Comet Landing | NASA LOADING... NASA Television to Provide Coverage of European Mission Comet Landing [image-50]NASA Television and the agency’s website will provide live coverage from 9-11:30 a.m. EST (6-8:30 a.m. PST) of the European Space Agency (ESA) Rosetta mission’s scheduled landing of a probe on a comet on Wednesday, Nov. 12.NASA's live commentary will include excerpts of the ESA coverage and air from 9-10 a.m. NASA will continue carrying ESA's commentary from 10-11:30 a.m. ESA’s Philae (fee-LAY) lander is scheduled to touch down on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko at 10:35 a.m.  A signal confirming...
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Posted on in Research News
[image-50][image-69][image-96][image-114]Two NASA and one European spacecraft that obtained the first up-close observations of a comet flyby of Mars on Oct. 19, have gathered new information about the basic properties of the comet’s nucleus and directly detected the effects on the Martian atmosphere. Data from observations carried out by NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission, NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and a radar instrument on the European Space Agency's (ESA’s) Mars Express spacecraft have revealed that debris from the comet added a temporary and very strong layer of ions to the ionosphere, the electrically charged layer high above Mars. In these...
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Posted on in University News
By following dozens of younger and older adolescents for more than two years, researchers in a new study were able to determine that the children fell asleep later and their circadian rhythms shifted later as they grew older. But early school start times interfere with their tendency to sleep later, reducing their total sleep. The study bolsters new recommendations for later school start times. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — A newly published study used activity monitors to track how sleep habits changed in younger and older teens as they grew during a two-year period. Key findings, for instance that the...
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Posted on in University News
In 2010 the National Lung Screening Trial showed that screening for cancer with low-dose CT scans could reduce mortality by 20 percent compared to chest X-rays. But is it cost-effective? A new study’s calculations reveal that it is, but that depends on assuming many answers to questions that remain open. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — A new statistical analysis of results from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) concludes that performing low-dose computerized tomography screening can be cost-effective compared to doing no screening for lung cancer in aging smokers. “This provides evidence, given the assumptions we used, that it is...
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Posted on in Research News
MRIs reveal multiple sclerosis in pre-symptomatic patients(05/11/14) A study entitled “Longitudinal Follow-up of a Cohort of Patients with Incidental Abnormal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings at Presentation and Their Risk of Developing Multiple Sclerosis” published in the International Journal of MS Care reports that asymptomatic patients accompanied by Magnetic Resonance Images suggestive of MS are more prone to develop MS.Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system. Currently, there is no cure for MS, which affects more than 2.3 million people throughout the world. The disease is characterised by destruction of the myelin layer within nerve cells....
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Posted on in University News
While troubles with state and county election websites left viewers of other Utah news stations in suspense late into the night, KBYU called the tightly contested 4th District congressional race two hours ahead of the pack.  And thanks to the 1,200 student volunteers who had conducted their exit poll, not only was it the right call, the predicted margin of victory was almost exactly right. That prompted this late-night tweet from Lieutenant Governor Spencer Cox after his team had pulled together the actual vote totals:  Wow. Spot-on RT @BYU: KBYU/Utah Colleges Exit Poll calls CD4 for Mia Love, projecting a 50.6...
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